Acne, medically known as acne vulgaris, is a skin condition that affects most people at some point in their lives. Its characterized by pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and other types of blemishes that appear on the skin.
While acne is most commonly associated with teenagers going through puberty, it can also affect adults of all ages. In this article, we’ll discuss the different types of acne that exist, the general causes of acne, and provide some general tips for dealing with acne.
Before we can talk about the different types that exist, it’s important to know how the condition itself comes about.
Your pores are related to glands beneath your skin that produce sebum, an oily substance. A channel known as a follicle connects the glands and pores, and it has a fine hair that extends to the skin’s surface.
In the follicle, a plug is created when sebum and dead skin cells collect together. Acne pimples then come as a result of inflammation caused by bacteria in the plug.
According to Healthline, there are no exact causes of acne, but these factors can trigger the condition or make it worse:
According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, common beliefs that suggest stress and dirty skin cause acne aren’t true.
Also, greasy foods and chocolate don’t cause acne in the majority of people.
These appear as small white bumps on the skin and are caused by hair follicles being clogged with dead skin cells and oil.
These appear as small black or dark brown spots on the skin and are caused by the same thing as whiteheads, but the follicle opening stays open, allowing the contents to oxidize and darken.
Acne papules are firm, inflammatory, and typically cone-shaped pimples on your skin (conical). They don’t have a tip that is packed with white or yellow pus.
These are similar to papules, but have a white or yellow pus-filled center. They can be painful and leave scars.
These are large, painful bumps that form beneath the surface of the skin. Acne nodules can last for weeks or months.
Cystic acne is the most severe type of acne that causes large, inflamed, and painful lesions on the skin.
While acne can affect everyone, persons with oily skin are more likely to experience cystic acne. Hormonal imbalances also increase the likelihood of it in teens, women, and older adults.
A severe form of inflammatory acne known as nodulocystic acne is characterized by the development of nodules and cysts. Because it causes issues deep within the skin, nodular acne is considered a more severe form of acne.
The rare yet severe variant of nodulocystic acne known as acne conglobata (AC). It typically manifests as painful, disfiguring, double or triple interconnecting comedones, cysts, inflammatory nodules, and deep burrowing abscesses on the face, shoulders, back, chest, upper arms, buttocks, and thighs.
You can adopt a variety of self-care measures to aid in acne management or to aid in the healing of acne. Here are some tips to help:
Dealing in acne can be difficult, but with the right knowledge and treatments, you can get rid of it.
The tips mentioned above can be helpful, however, it’s best to speak with a dermatologist. Seek the advise of a qualified dermatologist, especially if you’re dealing with a more severe type of acne.
And remember, whether or not you have acne, you are a GEM.